Currently, Africa is the fastest-growing continent on earth. A lot of companies are making huge investments to be the first in the region.
When I was a little kid, Africa meant the land of lions and elephants. There used to be millions of elephants roaming around Africa and today that amount is down to thousands.
The challenges African Elephants face
Increasing Human Population
There are many reasons behind this, but the main reason is the human factor. The uncontrolled growth of the human population limited the amount of land that elephants could roam.
This ultimately leads to conflicts between elephants and the locals, elephants sometimes invade their fields and sometimes people die in the process, later on, elephants get killed as a retaliation.
Yes, they do not get to live as freely as they are used to but the cause of the decrease in their numbers is related to something else.
The challenges African Elephants face – Ivory Trading
Such a horrible practice, the increased interest in ivory, also increased elephant hunting and sadly most elephants suffer a painful death while their tusks get removed.
They are essentially a part of their skull and to bring down these gigantic creatures, hunters use heavy doses of poison and heavy guns. The laws against the practice are there but they seem ineffective. As ivory trading is still going rampant in Asia and Arabian countries.
Even though people have started to be more sensitive about this issue, it is simply not enough to put an end to this situation by itself.
Global organizations should take measures to prevent this and get ahead of the rampant illegal hunting in Africa.
Elephants are also evolving without tusks because of poaching. After years of being hunt down, it looks like elephants started to consider their tusks a liability and are slowly evolving so that people will not have a reason to hunt them down.
According to this article, 4 out of 6 females elephants may be tuskless but this ratio seems to be increasing in the herds of elephants that have been living under the threat of poaching for a long time. However, this evolution may not be fast enough because the elephant kind is actually on its way to extinction. They have been considered as a threatened species since 1978 but nothing noticeable has been done in order to protect them.
Poor things… If you live close by and aware of any illegal hunting going on, do not hesitate to call the authorities.