Breed Specific Legislation, either bans or restricts ownership of some dogs according to their look. It bans some kinds of dog completely while regulating the activities of others with licensing, muzzling, and insurance.
The creation of breed-specific legislation came into existence in the late 80s. It has since spread in many communities, including over 1000 cities in the US. BSL is within the legal purview of local authorities; the content of the law varies according to districts.
When did BSL start in the US?
Historically, the community of Overland Park in the state of Kansas enacted the first BSL in the US on September 21, 1987. Since then, the act has crept into more than 1000 cities and 37 states by 2018. The Federal Government of the United States did not enact BSL, but some Federal institutions, including the United States Armed forces, have introduced the law. Currently, more than 20 American Indian Reservations practice BSL.
History of Breed Specific Legislation in the Us
Dogs can be domesticated because they are trainable. However, they still retain their wolfish survival instincts. That a dog can bite and hunt prey doesn’t mean they are dangerous if no one crosses the line.
Why was Breed Specific Legislation created?
Over 33 years, the following is the overview of Breed Specific Legislation in the US.
|Kansas||Overland Park||1987, September 21; amended 2007, July 17||No person is to own, keep, or harbor any dangerous animal in the City of Overland Park and dogs genetically similar to Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, or American Staffordshire Terrier.|
|Missouri||Independence||2006, August 28||Bans new dogs. Pitbulls are only allowed if they were registered before August 28, 2006. It forbids any new Pitbulls after this date.|
|Colorado||Aurora||2005, October 25||It restricts these breed of dogs and their like including Bulldog, Dogo Argentino, Canary Dog, all Canario, all Mallorquin, Ca De Bou, all Tosa dogs, Japanese Mastiff, Cane Corso, Fila Brasileiro.|
|Michigan||Livingston County||2008, May 20||It restricts any American Staffordshire terrier, Pit Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, Argentine Dogo, American Bulldog, mixes (AKA Bully breeds), or any aggressive animal.|
|West Virginia||Wheeling||2006, January 17||It restricts canary dog or Perro do Presa Canario or any mixed breed of dog with genetically similar to the above.|
|Iowa||Sioux City||2008, September 15||Bans new dogs. Current registered pit bull owners [as of September 15, 2008] to keep their dog but cannot replace it when it dies.|
|Colorado||Denver||1989, July 31 Suspended from 2004, April 21 to 2005, May 8||Banned American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any dog genetically similar.|
|Washington||Royal City||2007, January 12||It bans anyone from keeping, harboring, or possessing a dangerous dog within the City, as defined by Section 6.04.020.|
|Missouri||Springfield||2006, April 13||Bans new dogs; unlawful to own, possess, keep, exercise control over, maintain, harbor, transport, or sell within the City any pit bull, including Pit Bull Terrier, Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or anything similar to the above.|
|Ohio||Toledo||2009, January 9||Restrict owning, keeping, harboring or providing sustenance for more than one adult dog known as a Pit Bull or its mixed breed, regardless of age, in the City of Toledo.|
|Washington||Yakima||1987, July 28||Banned; unlawful to possess, keep, or harbor, or own any way a pit bull in the City of Yakima. Violation is a gross misdemeanor.|
|Missouri||Kearney||2007, July 7||Bans new dogs; unlawful to keep, harbor, own, or possess within the limits of the City of Kearney, Missouri, any pit bulldog. Except pit bulls residing in the City before July 2, 2007, with conditions; please check.|
|Iowa||Council Bluffs||2004, November 9||Banned any dog that is an American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any dog genetically similar.|
|Kentucky||Union County||2008, January 1||Restricts any vicious dog, including Pit Bull and Wolf-Hybrids, and shall be annually registered and fee paid. Check detail with authority.|
|Wisconsin||South Milwaukee||1989, March 17||It is unlawful for anyone to harbor, keep or maintain in the City of South Milwaukee any Pit Bull not currently registered and licensed by the City of South Milwaukee as of April 1, 1989.|
|Tennessee||City ordinances in Tennessee||2005, Various||About 40 cities and counties in Tennessee with local level breed-specific legislations.|
|Tennessee||Sparta||2005, August||It requires pit bull registry with the City, among other conditions. Find out with authority.|
|Rhode Island||Pawtucket||2004, January 1||It makes it unlawful to own, possess, keep, maintain, exercise control over, harbor, transport, or sell within the City any pit bulldog.|
|Arkansas||Maumelle||1998, April 6||It bans the following breeds of dogs entirely within the City. Staffordshire Bull-Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, American Bulldog, American Staffordshire Terrier, and American Mastiff|
|Maryland||Prince George’s County||1996||It bans acquisition of new pit bull. It is forbidden to own or harbor a non-registered Pit Bull in Prince George’s County. Other conditions apply, check with authority.|
|Michigan||Melvindale||1990, April 4||It is unlawful to acquire, possess, or maintain, within the City, any pit bull terrier except for dogs owned before April 4, 1990.|
|Washington||Enumclaw||1990||It makes it unlawful to keep, or harbor, own or in any way possess a pit bull dog within the City.|
|Florida||Miami-Dade County||1989||Banned any dog which substantially conforms to a Pit Bull breed dog unless it was specially registered with Miami-Dade County before 1989.|